Dit doen we aan de hand van twee buitenlandse gevallenstudies. Further research is required to check for generalizability. These diverse reform activities have contributed to transforming local government systems and patterns of local governance in Europe. To that institutionally divided and highly contentious political system has been added a bureaucratic system that is itself very divided, with the agencies being given a good deal of legal autonomy. Er is dus niet sprake van volledige convergentie tussen de twee buurlanden.
The majority of publications still reports findings from qualitative, empirical research but on an increasing number of varying topics. Aan de hand van diverse voorbeelden en de uitkomsten van een kleine enquête blijkt dat ze dat op dit moment nog zeer verschillend doen. The first section elaborates on these three roles of public administration in the 2030 agenda. Trustworthiness was divided into the known dimensions of ability, benevolence, and integrity, and information exchange was divided into mandatory, optional, and prohibited information exchange. © 2011: Kim Loyens, Jeroen Maesschalck, Geert Bouckaert, and Nova Southeastern University.
In een tweede deel van het rapport bespreken we, via een stapsgewijze benadering, het proces van meten en rapporteren van efficiëntiewinsten. What may we hope for? Ook Vlaanderen en Nederland hebben een lange traditie van externe verzelfstandiging van overheidstaken, respectievelijk in de vorm van instellingen van openbaar nut en zelfstandige bestuursorganen. These hypotheses are tested using survey data on 219 Dutch executive agencies. In deze bijdrage zullen we betogen dat dergelijke verschillen meegeno-men zouden moeten worden in de wijze waarop agentschappen worden aangestuurd door het moederdepartement en het Ministerie van Financiën. Inleiding In tegenstelling tot de definitieproblemen rond het begrip 'zelfstandig be-stuursorgaan' vgl. Can performance management contribute to strengthening accountability in joint agreements in a federal system? This article tests the effect of accountability on negotiation outcomes in a face-to-face classroom experiment. A third reason is that govern- ment's role is changing under new pressures including the loss of the government monopoly, greater competition, the opening-up of societies and international struc- tures.
It is exactly this degree of variation between types of organizations that make it impossible to develop a more precise definition. Nation-specific characteristics seem more important for core values of public administration than generic characteristics of the Rechtsstaat model. We identify four types of accountability arrangements in semi-autonomous agencies, in line with the four trajectories of public management reform identified by Pollitt and Bouckaert 2004. The previous chapters have provided an overview of agencification in 29 countries and one supranational organization. In the Dutch tradition, this system of distribution is considered to neutralize political differences and competition rather than to increase political power or reward active party members, which probably explains why party patronage has so far been assumed to be absent in the Netherlands. The effect of task on the establishment, autonomy and control of semi-autonomous agencies The task of agencies is often considered to be an important determinant of agency design, autonomy, governance and control. Trust is suggested as the new mode of governance.
Enerzijds krijgen de organisaties meer zelfstandigheid maar anderzijds krijgt het moederdepartement meer controle-mogelijkheden. The degree of compliance with reforms is not only dependent on structural aspects, but also on resources and power distributions between the actors. Proximity and frequent interactions appear more important to trust than autonomy. © Christopher Pollitt, Sandra van Thiel and Vincent Homburg 2007. Het agentschapsmodel werd begin jaren negentig geïntroduceerd in Nederland. Examples can be found in all policy sectors. Administrative reform has led to a strong increase in the use of performance assessment instruments in the public sector.
There is an informal system of distribution of appointments between political parties. This refutes the economic claims about agencification. Using multi-country survey data of over 200 public sector agencies, we test for the influence of organizational autonomy, result control and their interactions, on innovation-oriented culture. Increasingly, the value of the performance management systems themselves is under scrutiny, with more attention being paid to the effectiveness of performance management in practice. In this respect, we encourage future scholars to further examine these differences.
Proximity and frequent interactions appear more important to trust than high levels of autonomy. We observe that joint service delivery can lead to free riding and duplication in monitoring, lobbying by principals, and increased autonomy for agents, leading to inefficiency. Agency autonomy reduces politicians' insight into agency performance. Combining theory development, international comparison and original case study analysis, two of Europe's leading public policy and management scholars apply and develop some of the main models of policy change and offer a revealing long-term view of policy developments since 1965. Recently, however, there has been a negative political rhetoric, against agencies. Concerns to improve efficiency in public services increasingly receive global attention. We find that formal autonomy does not reinforce de facto autonomy; organizations with less autonomy report higher levels of political influence when policy autonomy is concerned; and that organizations with more autonomy report higher societal influence on their financial autonomy.
We besluiten dat vertrouwen centraal staat in de formulering van een kostenefficiënt en pragmatisch antwoord op groeiende bestuurlijke complexiteit. As professional community, it now has the duty to take over these important responsibilities. One of the key features of public administration in Europe is that multiple languages are in use, both in the public and academic debates. In Belgium after the Second World War there was a need for public administration to recover, to further develop and modernize the basic principles of the public service uniformity, equality, legal security, independence, seniority as expressed in the Camu Statute 1937 and the Secretariat for Permanent Recruitment 1938 François 1998. Op basis van de bevindingen kunnen we concluderen dat de overheid zich binnen de grenzen van het martiale ethos redelijk zakelijk gedraagt. Public managers should therefore focus on maximising the potential of both administrational trust and distrust to play a functional role, rather than focus on maximising administrational trust as such. We benadrukken tot slot het belang van audit als ondersteunend element van dit meet- en rapporteringsproces, en als instrument voor het onafhankelijk valideren van de door de overheidsentiteiten gerapporteerde efficiëntiewinsten.
Findings — Application of the two heuristics is possible and should preferably been done in combination as formal competencies and actual practices of boards do not always coincide. Exploratory 3 What is the distribution of interorganisational trust in the Flemish administration? The continuum turns out to be a relevant framework to show the specific features of these organizations in different countries. Public employees are confronted with various pressures, such as increased work demands and the need to implement controversial policies. The degree of compliance with reforms is not only dependent on structural aspects, but also on resources and power distributions between the actors. The article concludes that the impact of the process and factors often mentioned in the literature are less significant than found in other research. Source: Based on the production model of performance Van Dooren et al. Local governments all over Europe are in a period of increased reform activity and intensity, especially since this level of government has been the most seriously affected by the continuously expanding global financial crisis and the austerity policies in some countries.