Largely as a result of this correspondence, Ranis posited a positive feedback loop between countries with high economic growth and human development a 'virtuous cycle' and countries with stagnant or negative economic growth and human development a 'vicious' cycle. He does not emphasize mathematical models but rather sees finance as a human player game with himself as a participant. The result of the collectively elaborated solution pertains to the forward-looking and jointly agreed topic of migration policies. An original and evolutionary-oriented approach is suggested, based on analyses of energy demand and land use. Early historical importance led to early successes. This chapter suggests using a collaborative, dialogic learning structure that allows learners to act on several layers of reality simultaneously: the cognitive, discoursive, social, interactive, and integrative.
Vienna, 2012 , which comprises approx. The theme is very close to the dawning paradigm of meaning, and should continue to be well advanced. The complexity of negotiating the values and problems inherited from apartheid while infusing new faith in democracy is reflected in the paper on gender and empowerment. The areas — and consequently the potential departments of an organisation — start out where the earlier article has ended Ahamer and Mayer, 2013, p. Effects of group dynamics, cooperation, scientific research and diplomacy are integrated into consensus building. Results and recommendations: this sector is strategically similar to the more traditional air sector, but already much more complex and less predictable because of its character as a living space. These lines might influence development in future decades and co-determine the degree to which sustainability targets are met.
This issue needs no scientific formulas, just pictures. Most scientific assessments for climate change adaptation and risk reduction are based on scenarios for climatic change. Simply beam live recorded pictures from nature conservation areas with a large projector onto the walls of public buildings. Hence it is necessary to validate such globalisation hypotheses with sound quantitative data. Regarding trends: see all other chapters. Parliamentary democracies Baron, 1998 favour a discourse-oriented process of consensus building Ahamer, 2005, 2006, 2012a, b, c, d within an institutional landscape that might be capable of caring for the interests of the common good Ostrom, 1990. The field of noise was previously highly accessible to technical solutions.
Findings — The spatial, temporal and sectoral granularity of data presentation strongly Impacts conclusions and considerations while looking forward. Pollution by particulate matter shows how individual measures fall short. A planet-wide information system would increasingly support a greater level of detail on which institutional reorganisation could be based. Graphic representations of the steps D-S-R as in Figure 3 Community and social services living Finance and insurance Notes: Above: climate protection chapter 3. Results and recommendations: radiation protection is a very topical issue especially for neighbourly nuclear power plants in Europe e. The article first contextualizes the K4D paradigm. Results and recommendations: noise is of very high practical significance.
Both make up the majority of regulated administrative actions. We demonstrate how findings of complex system and hierarchy system theory coupled with traditional aerial photography interpretation techniques can form the basis for cutting-edge methodologies for the semi-automated classification of high-resolution digital data. Purpose — This paper is the continuation of an earlier paper in this journal on global megatrends provoking institutional changes. Hence it is necessary to validate such globalisation hypotheses with sound quantitative data. In the newly acceded Central and Eastern European member countries, a fundamentally different cultural mood prevails regarding the issue of nuclear energy; there, the cultural process of re-assessing nuclear power has not yet taken place as it did in Austria. About the authors Dr Gilbert Ahamer after studies in Physics, Engineering and Economics the author worked on scenarios since 1990 with affiliations to the International Institute for Systems Analysis, the Austrian Academy of Sciences, several universities and presently plans to build a Global Change Data Base. Weighing of interests in the public sense should be considered as an administrative task.
The value of both instruments is their content of societal rules by which the different components of the environment and components of economic interest can be merged and fused. Practical implications — In practical terms, hundreds of students may follow these web-enhanced curricula that are based on the materialised results of their founders' ethical systems. Scenarios for socio-economic development, particularly in terms of vulnerability and adaptive capacity, are largely lacking. In this paper we show how the traditional approach of aerial photograph interpretation is being adopted to examine high-resolution data with modern technology and advanced methodologies. It is always surprising how fast local members, without any mapping experience, are able to orientate themselves on the map.
Debates and discussion procedures make use of such findings and outline modes of actions. Keywords Institutions, Environment, Reorganisation, Global Change Data Base, Megatrends, Planet-wide information system, Global information system Paper type Research paper 1. Global socio-economic trends in land-use, energy, and economy i. The upper hand is gained by whoever can influence an administrative process in the best possible way. Institutional reorganisation may include university-industry-government relations Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, 2000, p. This text places developmental measures in the context of the overall dynamics of evolutionary development that form the basis for any human action section 6. Global structural transitions can make use of intrinsic saturation effects detected by the proposed educational tool.
Preconditions for economic growth are empirically analysed on a sectoral level along with prevailing structural shifts in the use of energy sources. It could give rise to the proverbial building of castles in the air, which would be unfortunate. The call for fundamental change in environmental protection tools may be strong in the industry sector: first, the successful era of individual measures has been left behind i. Each form of communication is thought to constitute its own type of space. Results and recommendations: the core here is the development of a methodology. More rural quality tourism could also become a success story which would allow a direct jump from the first to the third sector, as was proved by the early development of tourism in Austria after Second World War. The paper aims to discuss these issues.
In principle, it represents resource allocation according to predefined rules. Such formalism is applied to the large number of options to communicate. Both authors performed an assessment of the Luxemburg Environmental Agency. Conclusions for suitable institutional reorganisation of environmental or other institutions are presented. Global megatrends: similar to megatrends in ever growing energy demand, while transport car, train, airplane, etc. After theoretical deliberation, it uses a planned world-wide information system as a case study for applying the notion of granularity regarding economic sectors, time steps, geographic regions and correlations for energy, water, land use and several other drivers of global change.