As is well known, Gibson's 1979 ecological approach suggests a view on cognition which is diametrically different from the classical main stream view: perception and thus cognition is direct, immediate and needs no internal information processing, and is thus essentially an external process of interaction between an organism and its external environment. Double dissociations in developmental disorders? In connectionist, neural network, or parallel distributed processing models, information processing takes the form of cooperative and competitive interactions among many simple, neuron-like processing units. Laiacona, Marcella and Barbarotto, Riccardo. Cortex, 39 2 : 211-214. Warrington Cross-domain semantic priming in normal subjects and a prosopagnosic patient 147 18 A.
Lesion studies, spared performance, and cognitive systems. The articles have the main theme of connectionist modelling of cognition and perception, and are organised into six sections, on: cell assemblies, representation, memory, perception, vision and language. Cortex, 39 1 : 138-141. Psychological Review, 95 1 : 91-101. To investigate human cognitive and perceptual development, connectionist models of learning and representation are adopted alongside various aspects of language and knowledge acquisition. Category Deficits and Paradoxical Dissociations in Alzheimer's Disease and Herpes Simplex Encephalitis.
Dissociating single cases in neuropsychology. Explorations in Cognitive Neuropsychology is the first major text to appear on this topic since the late 1980s and thus introduces the reader to a vast amount of research previously unavailable in textbook format. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 10 5 : 377-500. Exploring Cognition: Damaged Brains and Neural Networks analyses the contribution made by cognitive neuropsychology and connectionist modelling to theoretical explanations of cognitive processes. It begins with an overview of the subject including issues such as research strategy and advances in neuroimaging. Connectionist Models in Cognitive Neuroscience. Interpreting dissociations: The issue of task comparability.
The case for single-patient studies. It then relates the models to psychological data on: memory, perception, sequential behaviour and attention, single word and higher-order linguistic processing, and neuropsychological disorders. His main research interest is in connectionist modelling. This book is a much-needed addition to the existing literature on connectionist development as it includes up-to-date examples of research on current controversies in the field as well as new features such as genetic connectionism and biological theories of the brain. More on the not-the-liver fallacy: Medical, neuropsychological, and perceptual dissociations. The traditional accounts of connectionist learning, based on adaptive changes to weighted connections, are explored alongside the dynamic accounts in which networks generate their own structures as learning proceeds.
The model illustrates the interrelationship between cognitive and affective processing networks that influence the selection and use of linguistics and information structures in producing a written text. Can cognitive training help slow cognitive decline with age? De Haan Understanding covert recognition 165 34 A. The 5th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop, Birmingham, 8—10 September 1998 Author: Dietmar Heinke,Glyn W. Cortex, 39 1 : 153-157. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers interested in neural models of psychological phenomena. Cortex, 39 1 : 135-137.
Naish, Reading: Modelling the Deficits. Cohen, Introduction: The Study of Everyday Memory. Category: Psychology Author : Michael C. Exploring Cognition: Damaged Brains and Neural Networks will be of interest to advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers in cognitive neuropsychology and cognitive neuroscience. Distinguished researchers have contributed new and updated material in their own areas of expertise. Haller Simulating brain damage 409 14 G. Cohen, Speech Production: Rules and Rehabilitation.
Humphreys, Category-specific Recognition Impairments: A Review of Important Case Studies and Influential Theories. Cortex, 39 1 : 174-176. Johnston, Object Recognition: Opening Boxes. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 5 5 : 517-527. There are sections on artificial intelligence and how computer programs have been designed to mimic the development processes, as well as chapters which describe what is currently known about how real brains develop. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17 9 : 1453-1459. .
Cortex, 41 6 : 842-851. Testing for Suspected Impairments and Dissociations in Single-Case Studies in Neuropsychology: Evaluation of Alternatives Using Monte Carlo Simulations and Revised Tests for Dissociations. Stochastic double dissociations in distributed models of semantic memory. Impairments of cognition, and particularly of working memory, can be major barriers to independent living. However, with the advent of connectionist modelling, where models are at least inspired by neuronal processes, this enterprise has received a new boost. Cortex, 39 1 : 148-152.
Moulin, Memory, Consciousness and Metacognition. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 32 2 : 155-167. Caramazza, Alfonso and McCloskey, Michael. The challenges posed by connectionist models to assumptions about the nature of dissociations, the need for symbolic rule-based operations in language processing and the modularity and localisation of processes are assessed. Smith, Memory for Places: Routes, Maps and Locations. McClelland Category-specific semantic deficits in focal and widespread brain damage: A computational account 97 40 J. This monograph is an expanded version of a recent issue of the journal Cognitive Neuropsychology.
Berndt Overview 439 8 Gillian Cohen Analogies and levels of explanation 439 1 Computers and brains 440 2 Damaged brains and intact brains 442 1 Damaged brains and damaged models 443 1 Strengths and weaknesses 444 2 References 446 1 Glossary 447 10 Author index 457 6 Subject index 463. Radvansky, Situational Models in Memory: Texts and Stories. The brain comprises millions of nerve cells that share myriad connections, and this book looks at how human development in these systems is typically characterised as adaptive changes to the strengths of these connections. The theme of the 5th workshop in the series was Connectionist models in cognitive neuroscience', and the workshop aimed to bring together papers focused on the inter-relations between functional psychological accounts of cognition and neural accounts of underlying brain processes, linked by connectionist models. The overall result is a book of impressive range and detail, which makes it a key reference source for any student in this field. Double dissociation and the benefit of experience. Conway, Memory for Thoughts and Dreams.