Particular areas to address are scholarships so that students could choose their schools based on fit rather than price, access to updated computer and internet technology, and modest stipends to keep students from having to work long hours while in school. Each interview was audio-taped and transcribed at a later date. This involved samples of individuals who had been exposed to psychological stressors e. Additionally, many of the students had mothers and fathers who came from different Spanish speaking countries; three had only one parent from a Spanish speaking country. Sanctioning Students: In counseling and guiding these students, educators should be aware of their power to legitimize and sanction student goals and aspirations through positive encouragement and support. Two major stressors that the bridge programs directly ameliorated were Isolation in the Collegiate Environment identified by 82% of students , and the Need to be Bi-cultural 80%. Many of them will struggle to make it through high school, have consistent run-ins with the law, have children as teenagers, and then raise their children in the same neighborhood in which they were raised.
Good intentions aside we must avoid this approach. Whether it is recognizing vocabulary deficits, a lack of background knowledge, or the need to make-up for gaps in academic experiences, these students were highly adept at accurately assessing their situations and honestly gauging their assets, as well as where they may have been vulnerable. Consequently, their spontaneity may account for some of the ambivalence evident. At the time of the interviews the participants were between the ages of 18 and 26, with most of them being 19 or 20. Additionally, many students view their adaptation to academia in an additive manner, as opposed to a zero sum game. A Resilience Cycle theory, which was chronicled in previous works of the authors, is used as a framework to view essential elements of the students' academic success. I know that I am the only one responsible for me.
Evidence from the interviews indicates that for these students in particular, male mentors were especially valuable. The students were simply taking advantage of the situation. This guy on my floor then told me about how he always goes to the campus writing center and has never gotten below an A- on any paper he took there. I never really knew there were great authors who wrote in Spanish. However, this does not mean that these characteristics were irrelevant. That is, they made themselves available before and after school, and they served as faculty representatives for various extra-curricular activities, such as clubs, organizations, athletics, and community outreach initiatives.
Recasting Risk as Asset: A general strategy for effectively working with potentially resilient students is to figure out ways of turning their apparent disadvantages into possible advantages. This ratio is somewhat consistent with national data on the disparity of female versus male students throughout the country, especially when looking at students of color. It can be logically surmised that these relatively low percentages are a result of the stratified set that makes the group. It should be pointed out that there are different types of resilience identified in the resilience literature. But then senior year I got Ms.
I also knew myself and that I was distracted easy. Maya, Biracial Female, 21 In these three excerpts the value of the sense of community created by these programs is clearly evident. And without others what would I do? Metacognition, Self-Evaluation, and Self-Control: Students Speak As the previous section on emotional intelligence touched upon, two crucial abilities exhibited by these students were metacognition and honest selfevaluation. Even simple stuff like with tests. In addition to chronicling specific protective factors and processes active in the students' lives, several symbiotic relationships between groups of protective factors are documented and explored. So we all hung out. I had a really bad attitude with teachers and stuff, but I think that was because of where I lived.
Marcus, African American Male, 26 Like many of the students, Marcus recognizes the importance of using selfknowledge and self-determination for the specific purpose of avoiding potential environmental risk factors and pitfalls. The goal then becomes, in part, to assist the students in identifying their strength and applying it to academic tasks. The research delves into the educational resilience experiences of fifty low socioeconomic students of color from a variety of racial and ethnicbackgrounds. When I told her about the paper, she talked me through it, reminded me of how I struggled in her class at first and then went on to be one of her best students. During his mid-adolescence Ricardo began spending more time at his church precisely so that he could get closer with a pastor whom he found particularly engaging.
This knowledge also decreases the amount of stress and anxiety that Lourdes feels. My mother was everything to me, without her I would not be here in college. Instead of the majority of traditional educational research which has adopted a deficit approach, focusing on what is broken, resilience research asks the question What does it look like when it works? This hub is an amalgam of closely related self-management abilities including skillful and effective management of emotions amid stressful times, adeptness in social environments, impulse control and effective decision making under duress. These transcriptions became part of the field logs. .
Regardless of the methods used, an understanding of where one began, where one ended up, and what happened in between is the objective. In order maximize the effectiveness of educational enhancement initiatives, educators must acknowledge and comprehend those differences, then employ what is learned. In essence it helps to bridge gaping social chasms which remain despite current efforts. A lot of that came from where I grew up too. Marina, Hispanic Female, 21 That summer program gave me a base on campus.
This intimacy provides these atypical students with a social support group prior to the arrival of throngs of students in late August. As a result, the most common qualitative instrument used in resilience research is the extended interview. A major benefit of this approach is that it never gets too late or the situation too dire. She was an older white women that nobody really liked, but I knew I needed her. Sharita, African American Female, 22 The enthusiasm with which Sharita speaks about her available social capital was not unique to her. So important was the pastor to Ricardo, that Ricardo describes him as almost singularly responsible for transforming him from class clown to serious and dedicated student.